Title: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Mining Sector in Southern Africa – A Focus On Mining In Malawi, South Africa And Zambia
The focus of this research document is on the legislative environment and the policies and practices of mining corporations in Southern Africa.
The unique characteristics of the mining environment in the Southern African Development Community (SADC – established in 1980) are that mining communities are mainly isolated, originally rural with high illiteracy rates and very dependent on the mining companies for their livelihood and development. The rural environment often becomes barren and is associated with ugly landscapes caused by large-scale excavations. In addition, communities are often exposed to toxic environmental hazards from mining operations.